Before 1800, the only people who traveled into Jackson Hole were the Native American tribes who spent the summer months hunting the wildlife in the valley and the area surrounding it. Among the tribes that trailed through the valley were the Shoshoni, Crow, Blackfeet, Bannock, and Gros Ventre.
In the early 1800s, mountain men in search of beaver wrote the first accounts of Jackson Hole, and the land along the Snake River was important beaver territory. Trapping was lucrative, and they exported beaver and other animal hides to the eastern United States and Europe for the manufacture of hats. The first homesteaders arrived in Jackson Hole in 1884 and were primarily bachelors. Johnny Counts (who appears as a confirmed bachelor in the 1900 census) homesteaded the area where the Jackson Hole Golf Course now sits and his original cabin can still be seen today near hole 3.
In the 1890's, cattle ranching became the major focus of the area, and with cattle ranching came the larger and more permanent settlement of Jackson Hole. What is now Snake River Sporting Club was a large cattle ranch throughout much of the 1900’s with as many as 2,000 head of cattle at its peak. As the Jackson economy changed from agriculture to recreation, so too did the ranch. A large hot springs pool and campground were a popular recreation area for locals and tourists alike in the late 20th century.
With the new millennium, a new vision began to take form of a golf course along the Snake River that would forego the usual manicured flower beds and rose bushes for wetlands and native willows. One that would blend seamlessly into its surroundings, where wildlife, such as eagles and moose, would visit more frequently than any golfers. The Snake River Sporting Club came to life in 2006, when the Tom Weiskopf designed course celebrated its grand opening. But the Club embraces much more than just golf. It celebrates the beauty and ruggedness of wilderness by offering activities such as fly fishing, kayaking, nordic skiing, archery, and hunting. While the trappers and homesteaders are long gone, the wild resources they treasured for sustenance are the foundation on which this unique community is built.